April 15, 2021
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The Four Kings in Kelley’s Great Vision

the-four-kings-of-the-great-tableThe Kings are the enochian angels that the angel Ave have described to John Dee as “the Overseer and Watchtower.” This remark, as Donald Tyson has noted, “suggests that the King and the Watchtower are, to some extent, synonymous.”  (Donald Tyson, Enochian Magic for Beginers, p. 191-192)  When describing the King to Dee the angel Ave atold him that “the Chief Watchman, is a mighty Prince, a mighty Angel of the Lord.” His scryer, Edward Kelley, describes the King as “a comely man, very much Apparel on his back, his Robe having a long train.”   The main function of the King is to summon the six Seniors for judgments. Like Lon Milo Duquette so elegantly puts it: “Like the sun, which attracts and holds the planets in orbit, the king of each elemental Tablet is said to summon and direct the seniors for heavenly duties.” (Lon Milo Duquette, Enochian Vision Magick, p. 144)

Curiously, the names of the King of the Watchtower of the East is either Bataiva when the King evokes the Senior for an act of mercy, or Bataivh when the King evokes the Seniors for an act of severe judgement.  So when those heavenly duties to perform are mercyful in nature, the pronounciation is diffrent than when those duties are severe.  Which reminds us a little bit about the two external pillars of the kabbalah, the pillars of mercy and the pillar of severity.  Detailing this precise point, Ave says:

“Thou hast Bataiva or Bataivh. You must take but one of them, either the [final] A or the h. A, comiter, and h in extremis Judiciis.”[1]

So, if we look more closely, we see that this is in fact a letter taken from the left columns of letters on the double pillar of God in each Watchtowers (presumably the column of the Son) that makes the King merciful, and a letter taken from the right pillar (presumably the column of the Father) that makes the King severe.

Extracting the Name of the Four Great Kings

king1The name of each King is written in a clockwise spiral around the double intersection of the Great Cross on each Watchtower, beginning with the fifth letter in the line of the Holy Ghost or Spirit. The last letter in the two squares that form the center of the Cross. The letters of the name Bataiva are highlighted in the accompanying of the name Bataiva are highlited in the accompanying diagram, which show the center of the Watchtower of the East. The only deviation from this pattern occurs on the OIP, TEAA, PDOCE Watchtower, which is the Watchtower of the North on the Original Table, but the Watchtower of the West on the Reformed Table (remember, the quarters of the east, south, west, and north do not shift on the Great Table even when the Watchtowers themselves are moved).

king2On the OIP, TEAA, PDOCE Watchtower the letter “a” occurs twice in the intersection of the Great Cross. Dee has distinguished between the King of Mercy (Eldprna) and the King of severity (Edlprna) by interchanging the second and third letters in the name of the King to indicate mercy.  When the operation is completed, the eight names of the Kings on the Original Great Table of the Watchtowers should appear as follows:

EAST: Bataiva (mercy)Bataivh (severity) SOUTH: Iczhhca (mercy)Iczhhcl (severity)
NORTH: Eldprna (mercy)Edlprna (severity) WEST: Raagios (mercy)Raagiol (severity)

Analysis of the Names of the Four Great Kings

The King of Air: BATAIVAH

King-of-the-airName: The name of the King of Air is BATAIVAH (BA-TA-I-VAH). This is pronounced Bah-tah-ee-vah-heh and means “He who whose voice seems to have wings.”

Description: The King of Air, BATAIVAH is kindly and loving. His nature is feminine. He bestows mercy and grace and he speaks with a beautiful voice. In fact his words seem like heavenly music, which is both pleasant and seductive.


king-of-waterThe King of WATER: RAAGIOSL

Name: The name of the King of Water is RAAGIOSL (RAA-GI-OSL). This is pronounced Rah-ah-gee-oh-sel and means “He whose hands are towards the East.”

Description : The King of Water, RAAGIOSL, is creative and is always making things. His nature, being reflective, is such that one often see’s one’s own worst faults manifested in him. He seeks, through life-giving creativity, to reduce infinite spiritual ideas into finite forms.


king-of-the-earthName: The name of the King of Earth is IKZHIKAL (I-KZH-I-KAL). This is pronounced Ee-keh-zod-hee-kal and means “He who solidifies the past.”

Description: The King of Earth, IKZHIKAL, lives in the past. He hates change. He strives to keep things as they are. He loves to describe and define things. He gave all things of the earth their original names, and seeks to keep them bound to these names.




king-of-fireName: The name of the King of Fire is EDLPRNAA (ED-L-PRNAA). This is pronounced Eh-del-par-nah-ah and means “He who is first to receive the flames.”

Description: The King of Fire, EDLPRNAA, is a consuming fiery being dangerous and easy to provoke to anger. He loves change and hates stagnation. He has a violent temper and seeks to disperse all aggragates into their monadic essence. The inexperienced magician would do well to avoid this King until he is an adept at invocations.


[1]Casaubon, True and Faithful Relation, p.178.


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