July 22, 2019
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KwanShiYin

The Place of Kwan Shi Yin of the Chineese Pantheon

Guanyin (in pinyin; previous transliterations Quan Yin, Kwan Yin, or Kuanyin) is the bodhisattva associated with compassion as venerated by East Asian Buddhists, usually as a female. The name Guanyin is short for Guanshiyin, which means “Observing the Sounds (or Cries) of the World”. She is also sometimes referred to as Guanyin Pusa (simplified Chinese: 观音菩萨; traditional Chinese: 觀音菩薩; pinyin: Guānyīn Púsà; literally: “Bodhisattva Guanyin”). [2] Some Buddhists believe that when one of their adherents departs from this world, they are placed by Guanyin in the heart of a lotus, and then sent to the western pure land of Sukhāvatī. [3]  It is generally accepted among East Asian adherents that Guanyin originated as the Sanskrit Avalokiteśvara(अवलोकितेश्वर). Commonly known in English as the Mercy Goddess or Goddess of Mercy, Guanyin is also revered by Chinese Taoists (or Daoists) as an Immortal. However, in folk traditions such as Chinese mythology, there are other stories about Guanyin’s origins that are outside the accounts of Avalokiteśvara recorded in Buddhist sutras.  Guanyin is an extremely popular goddess in Chinese folk belief and is worshiped in many Chinese communities throughout East and South East Asia. For example in Taoism, records claim Guanyin was a Chinese female who became an immortal Cihang Zhenren [4]  in Shang Dynasty or Xingyin (姓音). Guanyin is revered in the general Chinese population due to her unconditional love and compassion. She is generally regarded by many as the protector of women and children. By this association, she is also seen as a fertility goddess capable of granting children to couples. An old Chinese superstition involves a woman who, wishing to have a child, offers a shoe to Guanyin. In Chinese culture, a borrowed shoe sometimes is used when a child is expected. After the child is born, the shoe is returned to its owner along with a new pair as a thank you gift. [5]

Tree of Life Attribution

Crowley doesn’t mention anything about this in his qabalistic writtings, but according to Israel Regardie, in his book A Garden of Pomegrenates,tells his readers that the pantheon of the Buddhists of China have a correspondence for Chokmah, his name is Kwan Shi Yin. [1]

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[1]   Israel Regardie, A Garden of Pomegrenates, p. 42.
[2] Doré S.J., Henry; Kennelly, S.J. (Translator), M. (1914). Researches into Chinese Superstitions. Tusewei Press, Shanghai. Vol I p. 2.
[3] Johnson, Reginald (2008) [1913]. Buddhist China. Soul Care Publishing. Sukhāvatī (Sanskrit: सुखावती sukhāvatī) refers to the western Pure Land of the Buddha Amitābha in Mahāyāna Buddhism. Sukhāvatī translates to “Land of Bliss.” In traditional Mahayana Buddhist countries, there are a number of translations for Sukhāvatī. The Tibetan name for Sukhāvatī is Dewachen (བདེ་བ་ཅན་, bde ba can). In Chinese it is called Jílè (極樂, “Ultimate Bliss”), Ānlè (安樂, “Peaceful Bliss”), or Xītiān (西天, “Western Heaven”). In Japanese it is called Gokuraku (極楽, “Ultimate Bliss”) or Anraku (安楽, “Peaceful Bliss”).
[4] Cihang Zhenren (Chinese: 慈航真人; pinyin: Cíháng Zhēnrén; Wade–Giles: Tz’u-hang Chen-jen; literally: “Compassion Travel/Navigate True Person”) is a Daoist zhenren “Perfected Person” who is identified with the Buddhist bodhisattva Guan Yin. Cihang Zhenren supposedly originated as a Daoist xian “transcendent; immortal” and became a bodhisattva because of his endless willingness and effort in helping those in need.
[5] Doré S.J., Henry; Kennelly, S.J. (Translator), M. (1914). Researches into Chinese Superstitions. Tusewei Press, Shanghai.
 Vol I p. 2.

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