Frigg (sometimes anglicized as Frigga) is a major goddess in Norse paganism, a subset of Germanic paganism. Old Norse Frigg(genitive Friggjar), Old Saxon Fri, and Old English Frig are derived from Common Germanic Frijjō. Frigg is cognate with Sanskrit prīyā́ which means ‘wife; dear/beloved one’ which is the derivation of the word sapphire. The root also appears in Old Saxon fri which means “beloved lady”, in Swedish as fria and Danish “fri” (“to propose for marriage”) and in Icelandic as frjáwhich means “to love.” All of these names, as well as the words friend and affray are ultimately from the Proto-Indo-European (PIE) root pri- meaning ‘to love.’ Fregga is said to be the wife of Odin, and is the “foremost among the goddesses” and the queen of Asgard. Frigg appears primarily in Norse mythological stories as a wife and a mother. She is also described as having the power of prophecy yet she does not reveal what she knows. Frigg is described as the only one other than Odin who is permitted to sit on his high seat Hlidskjalf and look out over the universe. The English term Friday derives from the Anglo-Saxon name for Frigg, Frige. Frigg is the mother of Baldr. Her stepchildren are Thor, Hermóðr, Heimdallr, Týr, Bragi, Víðarr, Váli, Skjöldur, and Höðr. Frigg’s companion is Eir, a goddess associated with medical skills. Frigg’s attendants are Hlín, Gná, and Fulla.
In the Poetic Edda poem Lokasenna 26, Frigg is said to be Fjörgyns mær (“Fjörgynn’s maiden”). The problem is that in Old Norse mær means both “daughter” and “wife,” so it is not fully clear if Fjörgynn is Frigg’s father or another name for her husband Odin, but Snorri Sturluson interprets the line as meaning Frigg is Fjörgynn’s daughter (Skáldskaparmál 27), and most modern translators of the Poetic Edda follow Snorri. The original meaning of fjörgynn was the earth, cf. feminine version Fjorgyn, a byname for Jörð, the earth. The other piece of evidence lies with the goddess Fjorgyn, who is the mother of Thor, and whose name can be translated into Earth. Since Fjorgyn is not only the name of a goddess, but the feminine byname for Earth, it is relatively safe to assume that “mær”, in this case, means “daughter”.
The asterism Orion’s Belt was known as “Frigg’s Distaff/spinning wheel” (Friggerock) or “Freyja’s Distaff” (Frejerock). Some have pointed out that the constellation is on the celestial equator and have suggested that the stars rotating in the night sky may have been associated with Frigg’s spinning wheel. The Norse name for the planet Venus was Friggjarstjarna ‘Frigg’s star’.
Frigg’s name means “love” or “beloved one” (Proto-Germanic *frijjō, cf. Sanskrit priyā “beloved”) and was known among many northern European cultures with slight name variations over time: e.g. Friggja in Sweden, Frīg (genitive Frīge) in Old English, and Fricka in Richard Wagner‘s operatic cycle Der Ring des Nibelungen. Modern English translations have sometimes altered Frigg to Frigga. It has been suggested that “Frau Holle” of German folklore is a survival of Frigg.
Frigg’s hall in Asgard is Fensalir, which means “Marsh Halls.” This may mean that marshy or boggy land was considered especially sacred to her but nothing definitive is known. The goddess Saga, who was described as drinking with Odin from golden cups in her hall “Sunken Benches,” may be Frigg by a different name.
Frigg was a goddess associated with married women. She was called up by women to assist in giving birth to children, and Scandinavians used the plant Lady’s Bedstraw(Galium verum) as a sedative (they called it Frigg’s grass).
Tree of Life Attributions
The Third Sephiroth’s (Binah) scandinavian deity attribution is Fregga (Aleister Crowley, 777, p. 8) She is also called Frigg, the wife of the Norse Odin, and mother of all the gods. (Israel Regardie, A Garden of Pomegrenates, p. 43)