October 26, 2020
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The Place of Brahma in Hindu Mythology

brahmmmaaaBrahmā (Sanskrit: ब्रह्मा; IAST: Brahmā) is the Hindu god (deva) of creation and one of the Trimūrti, the others being Vishnu and Shiva. [6] According to the Brahmā Purāņa, [7] he is the father of Manu, and from Manu all human beings are descended. In the Rāmāyaņa [8] and the Mahābhārata,[9] he is often referred to as the progenitor or great grandsire of all human beings. He is not to be confused with the Supreme Cosmic Spirit in Hindu Vedānta philosophy known as Brahman, which is genderless. As per Hindu tradition, Vedas never got created by anyone. It always existed from time immemorial. Brahmā’s wife is Saraswati. Saraswati is also known by names such as Sāvitri and Gāyatri, and has taken different forms throughout history. Brahmā is often identified with Prajāpati, a Vedic deity. Being the husband of Saraswati or Vaac Devi (the Goddess of Speech), Brahma is also known as “Vaagish,” meaning “Lord of Speech and Sound.”  In Sanskrit grammar, the noun stem brahman forms two distinct nouns; one is a neuter noun bráhman, whose nominative singular form is brahma ब्रह्म; this noun has a generalized and abstract meaning.  Contrasted to the neuter noun is the masculine noun brahmán, whose nominative singular form is brahmā ब्रह्मा. This noun is used to refer to a person, and as the proper name of a deity Brahmā it is the subject matter of the present article. According to Shri Madha Bhagawata Mahapurana, Brahmā was born through Vishnu’s navel, Vishnu is the main source of whatsoever exists in the world; that is created by him of a part of his own body materials in this universe,;later he was wondered about the establishment of Mankind in the planet, hence at first he has created a lotus from his navel and from lotus Brahmā origin. According to the Purāņas, Brahmā is self-born in the lotus flower. Another legend says that Brahmā was born in water, or from a seed that later became the golden egg. From this golden egg, Brahmā, the creator was born, as Hiranyagarbha. [10] The remaining materials of this golden egg expanded into the Brahmānḍa or Universe. Being born in water, Brahmā is also called as Kanja (born in water). There is a story for Sharsa brahma hence the concept of multiple universe as every Brahmā creates his Bhramand (universe) for one Brahmā year. At the beginning of the process of creation, Brahmā creates the four Kumāras or the Caturṣaņa. [11]  However, they refuse his order to procreate and instead devote themselves to God and celibacy.  He then proceeds to create from his mind ten sons or Prajāpatis (used in another sense), [12] who are believed to be the fathers of the human race. But since all these sons were born out of his mind rather than body, they are called Mānas Putras or mind-sons or spirits.

The Attributes, Sacred Animals and Magical Tools of Brahma

He is clad in red clothes. Brahmā is traditionally depicted with four heads, four faces, and four arms. With each head, He continually recites one of the four Vedas. He is often depicted with a white beard (especially in North India), indicating the nearly eternal nature of his existence. Unlike most other Hindu gods, Brahmā holds no weapons. One of his hands holds a scepter. Another of his hands holds a book. Brahmā also holds a string of prayer beads called the ‘akṣamālā’ (literally “garland of eyes”), which He uses to keep track of the Universe’s time. He is also shown holding the Vedas.  There are many other stories in the Purāņas about the gradual decrease in Lord Brahmā’s importance. Followers of Hinduism believe that Humans cannot afford to lose the blessings of Brahmā and Sarasvati, without whom the populace would lack creativity, knowledge to solve mankind’s woes. There is a story of a fifth head. This head came when Shatrupa started flying away from him upwards and the head came on top of the four heads – symbolizing lust and ego. the head was decapitated by Shiva returning Brahmā to his four head avatar which gave birth to the Vedas. The fifth head stayed with Shiva hence Shiva got the name Kapali. His symbols includes

The Four Faces – The four Vedas (Rig, Sāma, Yajur and Atharva).

The Four Hands – Brahmā’s four arms represent the four cardinal directions: east, south, west, and north. The back right hand represents mind, the back left hand represents intellect, the front right hand is ego, and the front left hand is self-confidence.

The Prayer beads – Symbolize the substances used in the process of creation.

The Book – The book symbolizes knowledge.

The Gold – Gold symbolizes activity; the golden face of Brahmā indicates that He is actively involved in the process of creating the Universe.

The Swan – The swan is the symbol of grace and discernment. Brahmā uses the swan as his vāhana, or his carrier or vehicle.

The Crown – Lord Brahmā’s crown indicates His supreme authority.

The Lotus – The lotus symbolizes nature and the living essence of all things and beings in the Universe.

The Beard – Brahmā’s black or white beard denotes wisdom and the eternal process of creation. Brahmā’s vehicle or vāhana is the hansa.The Hamsa (from Sanskrit हंस haṃsa) is an aquatic bird, often considered to be a goose or sometimes a swan. It is used in Indian and Southeast Asian culture as a symbol and a decorative element.

The Cult of Brahma

Though almost all Hindu religious rites involve prayer to Brahmā, very few temples are dedicated to His worship. Among the most prominent is the Brahmā temple at Pushkar in the Indianstate of Rajasthan. Once a year, on Kartik Poornima, the full moon night of the Hindu lunar month of Kartik (October – November), a religious festival is held in Brahmā’s honour. Thousands of pilgrims come to bathe in the holy Pushkar Lake (a sacred lake of the Hindus) adjacent to the temple. Temples to Brahmā also exist in Thirunavaya in Kerala; in the temple town of Kumbakonam in the Thanjavur District of Tamil Nadu; in Kodumudi in Tamil Nadu; in Asotra village in Balotra taluka of Rajasthan’s Barmer district which is known as Kheteshwar Brahmadham Tirtha. In the coastal state of Goa, a shrine belonging to 5th century AD, in the small and remote village of Carambolim in the Sattari Taluka in the northeast region of the state is found. Regular pujas are held for Lord Brahmā at the temple in Thirunavaya, and during Navrathris, this temple comes to life with multi-varied festivities. There is also a shrine for Brahmā within the Brahmapureeswarar Temple in Thirukkadaiyur, and a famous murti of Brahmā exists at Mangalwedha, 52 km from the Solapur district of Maharashtra. Statues of Brahmā may be found in Khedbrahma, Gujarat, and in Sopara near Mumbai. There is a temple dedicated to Lord Brahmā in the temple town of Sri Kalahasti near Tirupati in Andhra Pradesh. The Trimurti temple and the temple dedicated to Lord Brahma accompanied by Lord Ganesh, located outside Sri Padmanabhaswamy temple, in Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, is also famous. The largest and most famous shrine to Lord Brahmā may be found in Cambodia’s Angkor Wat. 7 feet height of Chatrumukha(Four Faces ) BRAHMA temple at Bangalore(Karnataka, India).  In Java, Indonesia, the 9th century Prambanan Trimurti temple mainly is dedicated to Śiva, however Brahmā and Viṣņu also venerated in separate large shrines inside the temple compound, a single large shrine dedicated to Brahmā on southern side of Śiva temple. There is a statue of Brahmā at the Erawan Shrine in Bangkok. The golden dome of the Government House of Thailand also contains a statue of Phra Phrom (Thai representation of Brahmā).

Tree of Life Attributions

The Hindu Deity correspondence according to Crowley’s system is Parabram or any whom one wishes to please.  [1] or Unity with Brahmaa or Atma Darshana. [2] Crowley in his book 777  doesn’t give more detail than this. Israel Regardie in his book A Garden of Pomegrenates, tells us that the  correspondence in the Indian systems is “Brahma the creator, from whom sprang the seven Prajapati – our seven lowest Sephiroth – who, at his behest, completed the creation of the world.” [3] Regardie gives us a little bit more to chew on.  In the infrapaginal notes he insist that his reader pay attention to this subtility of the hindu pantheon according to which “Brahma is a masculine force,” and must not be confused with “Brahman, the supreme force of the universe which is gender neutral.” [4] Prajapati is Sanscrit for “Lords of Creatures,” one of the creator deities of ancient India during the Vedic period.  Altogether, the Prajapati are the “mind born” children of Brahma who are related to the seven great rsis or “ancient sages.” [5]

The Hindu attribution for The Fourth Sephiroth: Chesed is Indra, lord of fire and lightning (Israel Regardie, A Garden of Pomegrenates, p. 47; Aleister Crowley, 777, p. 9) and also Brahma (Aleister Crowley, 777, p. 9)

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[1]  Aleister Crowley, 777 and Other Qabalistic Writtings of Aleister Crowley, p. 9.
[2] Aleister Crowley, 777 and Other Qabalistic Writtings of Aleister Crowley, p. 9 and p. 83.
[3] Israel Regardie, A Garden of Pomegrenates, p. 40.
[4]  Israel Regardie, A Garden of Pomegrenates, p. 59.
[5]  Israel Regardie, A Garden of Pomegrenates, p. 59.
[6] The Trimūrti (English: ‘three forms’; Sanskrit: त्रिमूर्तिः trimūrti), Tri Murati or Trimurati, is a concept in Hinduism “in which the cosmic functions of creation, maintenance, and destruction are personified by the forms of Brahma the creator, Vishnu the maintainer or preserver and Shiva the destroyer or transformer.” These three gods have been called “the Hindu triad” or the “Great Trinity”, often addressed as “Brahma-Vishnu-Maheshwara.”
[7] The Brahma Purana (Sanskrit: ब्रह्म पुराण, Brahma Purāņa) is one of the major eighteen Mahapuranas, a genre of Hindu religious texts.
[8] The Ramayana (Sanskrit: रामायणम्।, Rāmāyaṇam) is one of the great Hindu epics. It is ascribed to the Hindu sage Valmiki and forms an important part of the Hindu literature (smṛti), considered to be itihāasa. The Ramayana is one of the two great epics of Hinduism, the other being the Mahabharata. It depicts the duties of relationships, portraying ideal characters like the ideal father, the ideal servant, the ideal brother, the ideal wife, and the ideal king.
[9] The Mahabharata or Mahābhārata (Sanskrit: महाभारतम्, Mahābhāratam) is one of the two major Sanskrit epics of ancient India, the other being the Ramayana Besides its epic narrative of the Kurukshetra War and the fates of the Kaurava and the Pandava princes, the Mahabharata contains philosophical and devotional material, such as a discussion of the four “goals of life” or purusharthas (12.161). Among the principal works and stories in the Mahabharata are the Bhagavad Gita, the story of Damayanti, an abbreviated version of the Ramayana, and the Rishyasringa, often considered as works in their own right.
[10] Hiraṇyagarbha (Devanagari: हिरण्यगर्भः ; literally the ‘golden womb’ or ‘golden egg’, poetically rendered ‘universal germ’) is the source of the creation of the Universe or the manifested cosmos in Indian philosophy, it finds mention in one hymn of the Ṛigveda (RV 10.121), known as the ‘Hiraṇyagarbha Sūkta’, suggesting a single creator deity(verse 8: yo deveṣv ādhi devā eka āsīt, Griffith:”He is the God of gods, and none beside him.”), in the hymn identified as Prajāpati The concept golden womb is again mentioned in Viswakarma suktha Rg 10-82.
[11] The Kumaras are four sages (rishis) who roam the universe as children from the Puranic texts of Hinduism, generally named Sanaka, Sanatana, Sanandana and Sanatkumara. They are described as the first mind-born creations and sons of the creator-god Brahma.
[12] In Hinduism, Prajapati (Sanskrit: प्रजापति (IAST: prajā-pati)) “lord of creatures” is a group Hindu deity presiding over procreation, and protection of life. Vedic commentators also identify him with the creator referred to in the Nasadiya Sukta.

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